Macular degeneration is an age related medical condition that affects older adults. Loss of vision is the result of this condition. Although this is different from other conditions that also affect the vision due to the fact that it causes losing the center visual field. This part of the eyes is called macula and due to the retina damage, loss of vision will happen. The two forms are wet and dry. This often happens to people who are over the age of fifty.
Because the macular degeneration affects that central vision, a person who has this may have difficulty in recognizing places and people and they will have hard time reading. There is still a good thing with macular degeneration, and this is because the peripheral vision is still intact the person can still handle his daily tasks. The dry version of macular degeneration is also called nonexudative which is caused by the buildup of debris in the choroid and retina. The debris that buildup between the retina and choloid in the dry form is Drusen that causes the retina to be detached and can cause the symptoms of blindness.
Exudative or wet form of macular degeneration is caused by blood vessels to grow behind the retina. It grows in the choroid. This form can be treated with medication and laser coagulation. This type of treatment can either help stop the growth or can reverse the growth of the blood vessel that can use blindness.
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There are yellow deposits that may appear in the macula and this is the signs of macular degeneration. Drusen is the yellow deposits that is found in the macula.
For a lot of people who are in the early stage of may not notice any difference when it comes to their eyesight. The person may only notice that they have the condition when it becomes worst and the deposit has already increased. There is a theory that the yellow deposits are cholesterol but it is still unconfirmed by scientist but there is also a possibility that it will respond to cholesterol lowering treatments.
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Exudative form of age related macular degeneration or neovascular or also called as neovascular AMD is also caused by the growth of blood vessels. With this, there is a high risks that it can leak and could cause bleeding and can even cause scarring and could eventually damage and it can be irreversible. But you do not have to worry because today there are new medications that can help in dealing with this form of AMD.