There are many different types of scars that will remain on the skin forever. No scar can be completely removed, but most can be treated to make them nearly invisible. The results of scar treatments depend on the kind of scar present.
Types of Scars
Acne or chicken pox scars vary from hardly noticeable to red pitted marks on the face. Contracture scars are left after the skin has been burned. The skin tightens and can affect movement. In severe burns, the damage can deepen and affect muscles and nerves. Surgery or injury scars vary in width and length depending on the procedure or the cause of the accident or injury.
Hypertrophic scars are raised scars that are typically red in color. Keloid scars are abnormal scars that grow past the original site of the skin disruption. Granulated tissue overgrows at the site and raises the area. These can appear as rubbery lesions or shiny and fibrous nodules. Changes in skin texture, pain, constant and extreme itchiness, and limited skin movement may accompany keloid scars.
Over the Counter
The most cost-effective treatment is over the counter creams, ointments, or serums. This non-invasive option can be quite efficient at reducing the appearance of scars. Depending on the quality of the product, permanent results can happen in as few as three months for minor scars. Deep surgery scars usually take six months or longer. Severe scars may not reach full reduction potential until after two years of continued use.
The best scar cream will have antioxidants, moisturizers, and a multitude of other active ingredients. The goal is to flatten raised scars, promote discoloration of red, brown, or purple scars, and push scarred cells to the surface. Those will be eliminated via exfoliation and healthy skin cells will replace them.
Injections are a minimally invasive option. Steroids are injected into the scar site to reduce inflammation. Collagen can be injected to promote the growth of healthy skin cells. Silicone sheets can also be applied flatten raised scars. Pressure treatments can be used to flatted them as well.
Surgical scar removal can include excision, dermabrasion, laser surgery, or skin grafts. Skin grafts are primarily used to cover burn scars. Unless the presence of the scar limits movement or mobility, insurance will not cover surgical solutions. They are considered cosmetic surgery and not a necessity.